Work Permit Canada
  • Visa Application Centers (VACs): Some VACs are closed until further notice due to COVID pandemic. Some IRCC offices are currently operating with essential staff and partial services.

    Permanent Residency Applications: IRCC continues accepting and processing new permanent residence applications. Files that are incomplete due to unavailable documents will be retained in the system and reviewed in 90 days.

    Approved Permanent Residency Applications: Applicants outside Canada with valid Confirmation of Permanent Residency (COPR) and Permanent Resident Visa (PRV) issued on or before March 18, 2020 are exempt from travel restrictions and can travel to Canada to settle and live as permanent resident. They must also have an acceptable plan to quarantine for 14 days in Canada.

International visitors, students and workers can enter Canada under a temporary status. They are considered temporary residents.

Those who meet the eligibility criteria, living inside or outside Canada, can apply to settle in the country and become a permanent resident and, in the future, a Canadian citizen.

Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is the federal department that facilitates the arrival of immigrants, provides protection to refugees, and offers programming to help newcomers settle in Canada.

Canada has more than 100 programs for permanent residency with different specifications and eligibility requirements. We assist you navigating through all options and define the most suitable for you and your family.

  • Women in Canada in 2023: statistics, progress, and challenges
  • First Steps To Apply For Canadian Permanent Residency
  • Express Entry
  • Provincial Nominee Programs
  • Family Sponsorship
  • Rural And Northern Immigration Pilot
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot
  • Caregiver Pilots
  • Agri-food Immigration Pilot

Canada is a diverse and multicultural country that values and celebrates diversity. Women from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds can find support and community in Canadian's diverse communities, and many organizations and initiatives exist to promote equity and inclusion.  

Of course, there’s still a lot to achieve and today, we are going to discuss some of the current statistics, facts and trends related to women in Canada in 2023. 



On July 1, 2020, Canada’s population reached 38,048,738, 50% of them being women and girls.  

Close to 1 in 4 (23%) women in Canada are immigrants, and Indigenous women and girls make up 5% of the total female population.  


Education and Labor Force Participation: 

Women in Canada have greater access to high-quality education than women in many other countries. 

According to the latest data available from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 99.7% of girls attend primary school and 95.5% attend secondary education. These high enrollment rates demonstrate Canada's commitment to ensuring that all children, regardless of gender, have access to quality education. Also, 

  • 33.2% of women aged 25-34 had a bachelor's degree or higher 

  • High school graduation rate for female students in Canada is 89.7%. 

  • Female labor force participation rates are higher in Canada than the global average, with 61.4% of women participating in the labor force as of 2021. 


Professional representativeness by sector: 

  • Healthcare: Women are well-represented in healthcare, with 87% of registered nurses and 41% of physicians. However, they are still underrepresented in leadership positions, only 30% of hospital CEOs being women. 

  • Education: also well-represented in education, women accounts for 68% of university professors and 80% of elementary and secondary school teachers. 

  • Finance: underrepresented in finance and accounting, they are only 38% of chartered professional accountants in Canada. 

  • Technology: they represent only 25% of the technology and STEM workforce in the country. 

  • Trades and construction: these are the job sectors with less female workers in the country - only 5% of them. 

  • Business and entrepreneurship: Women continue to make gains in entrepreneurship and business leadership. Women-owned businesses represents 16% of all small and medium-sized enterprises in Canada. 


Gender Pay Gap: 

While there are still challenges related to gender pay gaps - women usually earn 78 cents for every Canadian Dollar a man makes in the same job position - and underrepresentation in leadership roles, women in Canada have made significant progress in breaking down barriers to success in the workplace. Female immigrants can also find support and resources to help them navigate the Canadian job market and access opportunities for advancement. 


Violence Against Women:

According to Statistics Canada, nearly twice as many women (10%) compared to men (6%) reported being concerned about the possibility of violence in the home. Violence against women in Canada continues to be a significant issue, with Indigenous women and girls being at a higher risk of experiencing violence. 

In 2021, the Canadian government launched a National Action Plan to End Gender-Based Violence, which aims to coordinate efforts across sectors and jurisdictions to prevent and respond to gender-based violence in Canada. 


Political Representation: 

Canada ranks 18th in the world for women's representation in national parliaments, with women holding 29.4% of seats in the House of Commons as of 2021.  

Immigrant women held 11.6% of seats in the House of Commons, which is slightly higher than the percentage of seats held by Canadian-born women. 


Highlight: facts about immigrant women 

Over the past 10 years, Canada has welcomed women immigrants from a diverse range of countries and backgrounds. Here are some trends and characteristics of women who have immigrated to Canada in recent years: 

  • Age: Women of all ages have immigrated to Canada, but the largest group of female immigrants are between the ages of 25-44. This age group accounted for 52% of female immigrants to Canada in 2019. 

  • Professional background: Female immigrants to Canada come from a range of professional backgrounds, including healthcare, education, finance, and technology. Many skilled workers and professionals, such as nurses, engineers, and IT specialists, have immigrated to Canada in recent years. 

  • Education: Female immigrants to Canada tend to have high levels of education. In 2019, 33.2% of women aged 25-34 who were recent immigrants to Canada had a bachelor's degree or higher. 

  • Language: Proficiency in English or French is a key requirement for immigrating to Canada, and many female immigrants have strong language skills. However, language barriers can still be a challenge for some women, particularly those who come from non-English or non-French speaking countries. 


Federal gender equality laws in Canada: 

Canada has several federal gender equality laws in place aimed at promoting gender equality in the workplace and beyond. At the federal level, these rights are further defined and protected through laws and regulations including: 

  • the Employment Equity Act 

  • the Pay Equity Act 

  • the Canadian Gender Budgeting Act  

  • the Canada Labour Code 

Formerly known as the Status of Women Canada, and first established in 1976, since 2018, the Canadian government passed the Department for Women and Gender Equality Act, which formally established the department as a federal agency responsible for promoting gender equality, addressing systemic discrimination against women, and working to eliminate gender-based violence. The act also requires the department to develop and implement policies, programs, and initiatives aimed at promoting gender equality, including gender-based analysis and the integration of gender perspectives into all aspects of government decision-making. 



In conclusion, Canada is a country that offers a high level of gender equality and opportunities for women. From the government's commitment to promoting gender equality through legislation and policies, to the wide range of support and resources available for women and girls, Canada is a great place for women to thrive and pursue their goals, whether they are born in Canada or immigrate here. With a strong focus on education, healthcare, and professional development, Canada offers a welcoming environment where women can achieve their full potential and make valuable contributions to society. If you are considering immigrating to Canada, rest assured that you will be joining a community that values and supports women's rights and empowerment, and offers countless opportunities for personal and professional growth. 


It doesn’t matter your gender, if you are looking working, studying, investing or immigrating to Canada, we are here to support you in every step of the way! 

Fill out the free pre-assessment form and start planning your future in Canada! 

Test your language skills:

English and French are the two official languages of Canada. To apply for any permanent residency program, you will have to submit the results of an official English or French test. Your English/French level has to be equivalent to the minimum CLB/NCLC level required for the program you are applying for. 

CLB - Canadian Language Benchmarks (for English) 

NCLC - Niveaux de Compétence Linguistique Canadiens (for French)

When taken an English/French test you will be tested in 4 skills: speaking, reading, writing and listening.

The tests accepted for permanent residency application are:


CELPIP–General: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (General–LS test is not accepted)

IELTS–General Training: International English Language Testing System (Academic test is not accepted)


TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français (TEF Études, Naturalisation, Carte de résident or the Québec versions of the test are not accepted)

TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français (TCF, DAP, ANF, Carte de résident or the Québec versions of the test are not accepted)


Get your foreign educational credential(s) assessed:

If you obtained your education outside Canada, you will need to submit along with your application an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) for immigration purposes. The ECA is used to verify that your foreign degree, diploma, or certificate (or other proof of your credential) is valid and equal to a Canadian one.

Find the NOC for your occupation:

NOC (National Occupational Classification) is the system used by IRCC to classify jobs in Canada. 
For immigration purposes, the main job groups are:

  • Skill Type 0 (zero): management jobs
  • Skill Level A: professional jobs that usually call for a degree from a university
  • Skill Level B: technical jobs and skilled trades that usually call for a college diploma or training as an apprentice
  • Skill Level C: intermediate jobs that usually call for high school and/or job-specific training
  • Skill Level D: labour jobs that usually give on-the-job training

Jobs with NOC Skill Type 0, A or B are considered “skilled” occupations.

Knowing the NOC for your occupation is an important step to find out which immigration programs you qualify for.

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Express Entry is an online system used by IRCC to manage applications for permanent residence for 3 federal programs in the Economic Immigration Category:

  • + Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • + Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • + Canadian Experience Class

All applicants who have submitted a profile in the Express Entry System are placed in a pool of candidates.

IRCC uses a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) to evaluate, score and select candidates in the Express Entry pool. The CRS attributes points to candidates based on:

  • English and/or French Skills (Canada’s two official languages)
  • Education
  • Work experience
  • Age
  • Whether the candidate has a valid job offer, and
  • Adaptability (how well you are likely to settle in Canada)

Candidates in the Express Entry Pool can also be nominated by one of the Canadian provinces and be invited to apply for permanent residency.

Express Entry draws can be whether for all program or for one specific program. Candidates in the pool who achieved the minimum score set for a draw will be issued an ITA – Invitation to Apply, being invited to apply for permanent residency.

When applying for permanent residency, you must also show that you have enough funds to support yourself and your dependents after you arrive in Canada, as well as provide proof of a clean police record in all countries in which you have resided and medical record for all family members.

Cando Canadian Immigration Services can help to make the process as easy as possible for you and your family. We ensure your profile is fully completed to maximize your points and the potential of getting an invitation to apply for permanent residency.

Federal Skilled Worker Program - FSWP

The FSWP is designed for qualified, experienced candidates, living inside or outside Canada, who:

  • Score at least 67 points on the FSW Selection Factor Point Grid;
  • Have at least one year of continuous full-time or equivalent part-time paid work experience in the last ten years, in one occupation skill level 0, A or B
  • Have completed secondary education (high school). Candidates can receive extra points for completed post-secondary education (a degree, diploma or certificate) inside or outside Canada; and
  • Have a minimum English or French level of CLB/NCLC 7

An employment offer from a Canadian employer is not required to qualify for this Program. However, candidates can get additional points for having a valid job offer for a full-time, no-seasonal job, for at least one year in any occupation skill type 0, A, or B.

If your application for PNP is successful, you can apply for a work permit and be invited to apply for a permanent resident. Having a PNP nomination will provide your Express Entry profile with additional 600 points ensuring better chances to receive an ITA from IRCC.

Having a valid job offer via LMIA gives you 200 CRS points for occupations skill level 00 and 50 CRS points for occupations skill level 0, A, and B.

Federal Skilled Trades Program - FSTP

The FSTP is suitable for candidates with Canadian or foreign experience in technical jobs and skilled trades under key groups of NOC skill level B (such as Chefs, Bakers, Construction, etc.).

The eligibility requirements are:

  • A valid job offer in Canada (full-time job and for at least one year) or a certificate of qualification in the trade occupation skill level B issued by a Canadian authority;
  • English or French CLB 5 for speaking and listening skills, and CLB 4 for reading and writing; and
  • Have obtained twenty-four months of qualified Canadian or foreign work experience in any skilled trade occupation NOC skill level B.

Canadian Experience Class - CEC

Qualify for the CEC candidates with at least one year of full-time or part-time continuous work experience in Canada (1,560 hours or 30 hours per week) in the last three years, in one of the occupations NOC skill level 0, A, or B. The work experience obtained while studying in Canada is not considered for CEC.

The minimum English or French requirement is CLB 7 for NOC skill level 0 or A and CLB 5 for NOC skill level B.

Check here if you qualify for any of these programs

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The Provincial Nominee Programs provide an accelerated process for skilled and/or experienced workers, experienced business persons, and their family members who want to settle permanently in a particular province of Canada. 

If you choose to immigrate to Canada as a provincial nominee, you must first apply to the province where you wish to settle and complete its nomination process. Each province selects applicants based on their language skills, education, and work experience, in accordance with the province’s economic and labour needs. Nominees are, then, able to apply for Permanent Residency via the Immigration,

Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) process. 

Getting permanent residency through PNP can be easier and faster than through many federal streams. 

British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program BCPNP

If you choose to immigrate to British Columbia as a provincial nominee, the requirements you must meet and the application forms you use vary according to which component of the BC PNP you are applying under: Strategic Occupations or Business Immigrants.

Strategic Occupations

  • Express Entry Skilled Workers
    Managers, professionals, technologists and technicians, skilled trades
  • Express Entry International Graduates
    Recent graduates of recognized Canadian post-secondary institutions
  • Express Entry International Post-Graduates Pilot Project
    Recent BC masters and doctorate graduates in natural, applied, and health sciences
  • Express Entry Designated Health Professionals
    Registered nurses, midwives, registered psychiatric nurses, and physicians
  • Entry Level and Semi-Skilled
    Some provinces, such as British Columbia and Alberta, offer nominations to workers under the semi-skilled category. These opportunities include long-haul truck drivers, food counter attendants, guest services attendants, hotel front desk clerks, etc. Requirements and eligibility for each occupation may vary.

Business Immigration Programs

The BC PNP provides an accelerated process for skilled, experienced business persons, and their family members who want to open/purchase a business and settle in the province of BC permanently. The Entrepreneur Immigration category of BCPNP allows nominees to apply for Permanent Resident through IRCC under the two Programs: Base Category and Regional Pilot.

Job Offer

Most provincial programs require a job offer from a Canadian employer located in the province where the candidate will settle.

Programs that do not require a job offer:

  • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program Human Capital Priorities
  • Saskatchewan Express Entry and Occupation In-Demand
  • Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry - Category B and Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities

If you already have a job offer from an employer within your preferred province, Cando Canadian Immigration Services can act as your immigration representative to process your nomination and permanent residence application by liaison with your prospective employer to ensure compliance with program requirements.

Other Provinces with provincial programs:

  • Alberta 
  • Manitoba 
  • Prince Edward Island 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador 
  • New Brunswick 
  • Northwest Territories 
  • Yukon 

Contact us to learn about the specific eligibility criteria for each provincial program.

Check here if you qualify for any of these programs

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Canadian citizens and permanent residents of Canada can sponsor the spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, dependent child (including adopted child), or other eligible relatives (such as a parent or grandparent) to become a Canadian permanent resident.

When you arrive in Canada as a permanent resident, you can live, study, and work here, as well as must make every reasonable effort to provide for your own and those of your family's essential needs.

If you sponsor a relative to come to Canada as a permanent resident, you are responsible for supporting your relative financially when he or she arrives here. As a sponsor, you must make sure your spouse or relative does not need to seek financial assistance from the government.

Certain provinces, such as Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Prince Edward Island, offer family members sponsorship programs to reunite families. If you have a close relative who lives in any of these provinces, they may be able to sponsor you and your family members under these programs provided that they meet the eligibility criteria.

Check here if you qualify for this program

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The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP) is a program designed for those who want to live and settle in one of the participating communities in Canada, becoming permanent residents.

Participating communities:

  • Vernon, British Columbia
  • West Kootenays, British Columbia
  • North Bay, Ontario
  • Sudbury, Ontario
  • Timmins, Ontario
  • Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
  • Thunder Bay, Ontario
  • Brandon, Manitoba
  • Altona/Rhineland, Manitoba
  • Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
  • Claresholm, Alberta

Applicants need to meet the Federal and community-specific eligibility requirements described below. The Pilot accepts job posting and applications for all skill levels and NOCs.

Next step is to consult on the community’s website the list of employers and jobs available that match the applicant’s work experience or field of studies in Canada. The candidate can apply online for jobs and be selected for recommendation by the community. Each community will evaluate the applicants and recommend them according to the community’s specific criteria and procedure.

Federal Government requirements:

Work experience

The candidate needs to prove at least one year of paid work experience, regardless of whether it was continuous or not, in the past 3 years, working part-time or full-time on the same job position with the same or different employer, inside or outside Canada. Required total hours are 1560 and cannot be accumulated in less than 1 year.

International students (Work experience exemption)

An international students who graduated with a degree, diploma, certificate, or trade or apprenticeship credential from a Canadian public post-secondary institution located in the community are exempt from the work experience requirement.

To qualify for this exemption, they must have graduated with

  • A credential from a 2+ year-long post-secondary program and were studying as a full-time student for the full duration of the 2+ years
  • Received the credential within 18 months before the application for permanent residence
  • Were in the community for at least 16 months of the last 24 months spent studying to obtain the credential


  • A master’s degree or higher and were studying as a full-time student for the duration of the degree, obtained your degree within 18 months before the application is submitted, and were in the community for the length of the studies

Do not qualify students who were studying English or French made up more than half of the program, distance learning made up more than half of the program, or a scholarship or fellowship was awarded that requires the students to return to their home country to apply what they learned.

Job Offer

Applicants must have a job offer that is:

  • From an employer that carries on business in the community
  • Full time and non-seasonal
  • For an indeterminate period (no end date)
  • At the same skill level, 1 level above or 1 level below the NOC that applies to the applicant’s work experience, except for skill level D for which the job offer must be in the same occupation.

Language requirements
The language requirements for the RNIP are based on the Skill Type or National Occupation Classification (NOC) related to the job position the worker is applying for:

Skill Type CLB/NCLC
Level 0 (Managers) 6
Level A (Professionals such as doctors, dentists and architects) 6
Level B (technical jobs and skilled trades such as chefs and electricians) 5
Level C (intermediate jobs such as industrial butchers, long-haul truck drivers, and food and beverage servers) 4
Level D (labour jobs such as cleaning staff, oil field workers) 4

Educational requirements

The minimum educational requirement for this Pilot is a high school diploma obtained inside or outside Canada. If the applicant has a foreign credential, an educational credential assessment (ECA) report is required.

Financial Resources 

It is required proof of enough money to support the applicant’s and family members’ living costs while they get settled in the community, even if they are not coming to Canada at the same time.

Contact us to find out more about proof of funds.

Community-specific Requirements

It is essential to show that the candidate plans to settle in the community to participate in the Pilot.

In British Columbia, the participating communities are Vernon and West Kootenay, including Trail, Castlegar, Rossland, and Nelson.

Rural And Northern Immigration Pilot - Vernon

The community of Vernon has created a Ranking System to evaluate the candidates: the Vernon’s Comprehensive Ranking System (VCRS). The VCRS scores the candidate’s language, job offer and wage, study, family living in the community, age, wage, and driver's license to a maximum of 100 points.

Candidates who meet the federal and community’s requirements can apply for the Pilot, creating a candidate profile and applying for job postings. The Vernon’s RNIP Committee will select applicants with higher scores on the VCRS and offer a recommendation. 

Only 10 workers per month and 100 workers will be recommended per year will be recommender by Vernon. 

The language requirement for Vernon is higher than the Federal requirement. The candidates need to have Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5 or higher, in English or French, for all skill levels and jobs.

The minimum hourly wage for all candidates must be $23 CAD per hour or higher, if needed to meet the range of wages for the particular occupation. Exceptions apply for applicants who are currently working, studying, and/or residing for at least the last 12 months in Vernon.

Employers located in the Community are now able to post jobs on the Vernon RNIP website. 

They need to meet the following criteria:

  • Showing that the company tried to hire a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident prior to post a job offer
  • Employing at least three full-time Canadian citizens or permanent residents 
  • Go through a required training session about settlement, eligibility, and program integrity before posting a job through RNIP.
  • Having operated in Canada for five years, with two of those years within Vernon, or must have a business investment of at least $200,000 CAD in Vernon.

Rural And Northern Immigration Pilot - West Kootenay

West Kootenay has defined priorities for candidates applying with job offers in the following occupations:

Truck driver NOC 7511
Health Care Aide NOC 3413
Community Support Worker NOC 4212
Early Childcare Educator/Assistant NOC 4214

The community is also selecting candidates based on a 100-point ranking system which considers:

  • Family / Friend in the communities
  • Living in and previous travel to the communities
  • Work in the West Kootenay Region
  • Wage and NOC category of job offer
  • Candidate’s age
  • Driver’s license
  • Proficiency in English and French 
  • Candidate’s spouse / common-law partner status, skills and qualifications.

Applicants must score at least 26 points on the points ranking system to be eligible, except for those applying with a job offer in a West Kootenay identified priority NOC who are exempt.

Candidates who meet the following eligibility criteria can apply for a recommendation through the Pilot:

  • Meet the federal eligibility criteria
  • Intend to live in one of the communities
  • Have a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 4 or higher in English and French
  • Complete a candidate profile on the west Kootenay website
  • Have a job offer from an employer located in the Region, with a minimum hourly wage of $22 CAD, or higher, if needed to meet the range of wages for the particular occupation in the same area. Exceptions apply for applicants who are currently working, studying, and/or residing for at least the last 6 months in West Kootenay.

The employer making the job offer needs to demonstrate that the company tried to hire a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident prior to providing the offer to a foreign national. The company also must show that it has operated for at least two years within West Kootenay, or must have a minimum business investment of $200,000 CAD in the West Kootenay Region.

Employers cannot request or accept any form of payment in exchange for providing a job offer and must comply with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (Canada) and/or provincial employment standards to qualify.

The Community Recommendation Committee will assess candidates registered on the West Kootenay website and make recommendations for those with highest score on the ranking system. These is not limit for applications through the West Kootenay communities. The communities will do continuous intakes throughout the year, selecting candidates registered on the website up to six months from the registration date. After this period, if the candidate is not chosen, the application will be declined, however, it is possible to re-apply.

Contact us for additional information and requirements for the other participating communities.

Check here if you qualify for any of these programs

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The Atlantic Immigration Pilot is the pathway for those looking to immigrate to one of the Atlantic provinces in Canada: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador. Candidates can apply from overseas or from Canada if living here temporarily with valid status. 

To be eligible, the candidate needs a full-time, non-seasonal, and permanent job offer from a Canadian employer designated by the provincial government of the Atlantic province where the candidate will be working. 

A minimum of CLB/NCLC 4 in English or French is required in all 4 abilities: writing, reading, listening and speaking.

The Pilot has 3 Programs:

  • Atlantic High-Skilled Program: for candidates with at least 1 year of experience within the last 3 years before the application is submitted, in one occupation NOC Skill level 0, A or B, and a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree from a recognized institution or a foreign degree, diploma or certificate, equal to a Canadian credential.
  • Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program: for candidates with at least 1 year of experience within the last 3 years before the application is submitted, in any occupation NOC Skill level C.
  • Atlantic International Graduate Program: for candidates who lived and studied in one of the Atlantic provinces. Work experience is not required.

Check here if you qualify for any of these programs

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Technological progress has been improving medicine and science worldwide, resulting in an increase in the number of people living longer. As the elder population grows, the demand for health care professionals also tends to raise. Senior persons need more care and are, most of the time, unable to look after themselves. Caregivers play an important role at this stage.

In Canada, health care providers are in high demand mainly because of the aging population but also due to labour shortage.

There are plenty of job opportunities here for caregivers, including positions as childcare providers, nurses, attendants for persons with disabilities, home support workers, live-in caregivers, personal care attendants, and so forth.

Either you are a health care student or worker already in Canada or you are outside the country and intend to work here as a caregiver, learn which is the proper pathway to get your work permit and permanent residency:

Workers from overseas

International workers or students living outside Canada can only apply to work here as a healthcare professional through the Home ChildCare Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot.

The Pilots are designed for foreign nationals in the healthcare field aiming to become Canadian permanent residents.

Home Child Care Provider Pilot   Home Support Worker Pilot  
NOC 4411 Child care provider, live-in caregiver, and nanny positions  

NOC 4412 Attendant for persons with disabilities, home support worker, live-in caregiver, and personal care attendant positions

The Pilots’ eligibility criteria are:

  • A job offer from a Canadian employer for a full-time position in one of the occupations above
  • Minimum score of CLB 5 in English or NLCL 5 in French in all language skills (writing, reading, listening, speaking)
  • Completed post-secondary education of at least one year in Canada or equivalent, if completed outside Canada.
  • Ability to do the work, considering workers’ previous experience and training

Applicants with no previous work experience in Canada in one of the eligible occupations can still apply for one of the Pilots.  The application will be held until the applicant proves having completed the 2 years of qualified work experience in Canada, within 3 years after the applicant’s work permits are issued.

Work Permit

Applicants with less than 2 years of qualified experience must apply at the same time for a work permit along with the application for permanent residency under the Caregiver Pilots. After the IRCC positive response on the application pre-assessment (first stage), the applicant will be granted an occupation-restricted open work permit, valid for three years. Occupation-restricted means that the applicant cannot work in occupations other than the one the applicant has applied for.

Accompanying spouses and dependents at 18 years of age or over are eligible for an open work permit with the same validity as the principal applicant. Minor dependents are eligible for a study permit. They can apply from outside Canada only if the caregiver’s work permit has been approved in writing before they entered Canada.

Workers in Canada

Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)

Families and private household employers can apply for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) to hire a caregiver since the professional is already in Canada under a valid work or study permit. The employer needs to meet certain criteria to apply for an LMIA.

There are also specific requirements for health professionals to work in Canada temporarily. Previous experience, education and training may be requested depending on the occupation.

A positive LMIA allows the worker to extend the work permit or the student to apply for a new work permit through the Temporary Foreign

Worker Program (TFWP).

Employers can apply for LMIA to hire:

Caregivers for children (under 18 years of age) including childcare providers, live-in caregivers, nanny positions (NOC 4411).

Caregivers for people with high medical needs (elderly persons, 65 years of age or over, and people with disabilities, a chronic or terminal illness), including positions such as a registered nurse or registered psychiatric nurse (NOC 3012), licensed practical nurse (NOC 3233), and attendant for persons with disabilities, home support worker, live-in caregiver, personal care attendant (NOC 4412).

Permanent Residency

As a caregiver, whether you want to stay in Canada and become a permanent resident, you can apply for the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or the Home Support Worker Pilot. The criteria are the same for workers inside and outside Canada. Check above the requirements for the Pilots.

Cando assists you and your employer with the proper documentation and applications for LMIA, work permit, and permanent residency.

Check here if you qualify for any of these programs

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Agricultural and food processing industries represent a significant portion of the Canadian economy. In 2017, the agri-food sector had $110 billion in domestic sales and almost $65 billion in exports. The target is to grow around 30% by 2025.

Temporary foreign workers play an essential role in the agricultural sector. According to Canadian industry statistics, foreign nationals filled almost 55,000 jobs in the primary agriculture sector in 2018, most of them working in greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production.

If you worked or still work in Canada in the agri-food sector and intend to become a Canadian permanent resident, the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot may be an option for you.

The Pilot is a pathway for those with qualified work experience to get Canadian permanent residency.

Eligible applicants:

  • Workers in the following industries:
    • Meat product manufacturing,
    • Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture production, including mushroom production, and
    • Animal production, excluding aquaculture
  • With at least 1 year of non-seasonal, full-time, paid work experience in the past three years.
  • Who has worked under a work permit issued through LMIA with a minimum 12-month duration, even in different eligible occupations and with different employers?
  • Who has a full-time, paid, non-seasonal, permanent job offer from an employer in Canada. The job offer must be in one of the eligible occupations and the wage must meet or exceed the job bank’s prevailing wage in the province of employment.
  • Who meets the minimum language criteria for English or French: CLB/NCLC level 4 in all skills (reading, writing, speaking, and listening).
  • Who has a Canadian high school diploma or equivalent if a secondary school credential was obtained overseas?

Eligible occupations:

For meat product manufacturing:

  • Retail butchers (NOC 6331)
  • Industrial butchers (NOC 9462)
  • Farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers (NOC 8252)
  • Food processing laborers (NOC 9617)

For greenhouse, nursery and floriculture production, including mushroom production:

  • Farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers (NOC 8252)
  • General farm workers (NOC 8431)
  • Harvesting labourers (NOC 8611)

For animal production, excluding aquaculture:

  • Farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers (NOC 8252)
  • General farm workers (NOC 8431)

The Pilot will run for three years as of May 2020 and has a limited number of applications accepted per year.

Check here if you qualify for this program